Ionic strength-dependent isoforms of sea urchin egg dynein.

TitleIonic strength-dependent isoforms of sea urchin egg dynein.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1988
AuthorsFoltz KR, Asai DJ
JournalJ Biol Chem
Date Published1988 Feb 25
KeywordsAdenosine Triphosphatases, Animals, Centrifugation, Density Gradient, Dyneins, Eggs, Female, Immunosorbent Techniques, Molecular Weight, Osmolar Concentration, Sea Urchins

Unfertilized sea urchin eggs provide a reservoir of molecules which later are involved in microtubule-mediated movements during embryonic development. Among these molecules is egg dynein, which has been isolated in two forms, 20 S and 12 S. Evidence obtained previously from our laboratory indicates that 20 S dynein is a latent activity precursor of ciliary dynein. In contrast, others have suggested that 12 S egg dynein functions in the mitotic apparatus. It is therefore important to determine the relationship between these egg dyneins. Here we demonstrate that the sedimentation velocity of the egg dynein is dependent on the ionic strength of the extraction conditions. The 20 S dynein is obtained with low ionic strength extraction, and the 12 S form is obtained in high salt (0.6 M KCl). The 20 S dynein, after collection from a sucrose gradient, can be converted quantitatively to the 12 S form by exposure to salt, and this conversion can be followed over time. Further, the 20 S dynein can be converted entirely to 12 S dynein and then partially reconstituted to a faster sedimenting species. During these conversions, the dynein high Mr heavy chains are always coincident with the MgATPase activity, and antibodies show that the dynein heavy chains of the 20 S, 12 S, and converted species are indistinguishable immunologically. These data suggest that 12 S dynein is an ionic strength-dependent isoform of 20 S dynein that results from a partial dissociation of the 20 S polypeptide complex, similar to the relationship between 12 and 21 S sperm flagellar dynein. If the 20 and 12 S enzymes are isoforms of the same dynein, then there is compelling evidence for only a single dynein in the unfertilized egg, and that dynein is probably a ciliary precursor.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID2963819