Interactions of type IV collagen and its domains with human mesangial cells

TitleInteractions of type IV collagen and its domains with human mesangial cells
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1998
AuthorsSetty S, Kim Y, Fields GB, Clegg DO, Wayner EA, Tsilibary EC
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Date Published1998 May 15
KeywordsAntibodies, Monoclonal, Cell Adhesion, Cells, Cultured, Chromatography, Affinity, Collagen, Glomerular Mesangium, Humans, Integrin alpha1beta1, Integrins, Protein Binding, Receptors, Collagen

Type IV collagen (COL-IV) interacts with a variety of cell types. We present evidence that human mesangial cells (HMC) bind directly to COL-IV, its major triple helical domain, and the main non-collagenous, NC1 domain. A synthetic peptide, HEP-III, and its triple helical counterpart (THP-III), previously reported to be a heparin-binding domain, also promoted approximately 15% adhesion of HMC. HMC bound to solid-phase-immobilized, intact COL-IV (approximately 75%), isolated NC1 domain (approximately 15%), and a pepsin-derived triple helical fragment,which lacks Hep-III (approximately 65%). We further examined inhibition of HMC adhesion to COL-IV and its domains by using anti-integrin antibodies. Blocking monoclonal antibodies against the alpha2 integrin resulted in 70% inhibition of adhesion to COL-IV and 80% inhibition to HEP-III. Moderate inhibition was observed on the NC1 and triple helical fragments. Anti-alpha1 antibodies inhibited the binding of HMC to COL-IV, the NC1, and triple helical domains, but not to peptide HEP-III. Anti-beta1 antibodies inhibited almost completely (>95%) the adhesion to COL-IV, the NC1, and triple helical fragments; inhibition on HEP-III was approximately 30%. Affinity chromatography studies with solid-phase HEP-III and mesangial cell lysate also demonstrated the presence of integrin alpha2 beta1 along with alpha3 beta1. We conclude that alpha2 beta1 and alpha1 beta1 integrins mediate HMC adhesion to COL-IV. Peptide HEP-III is a major, specific site for alpha2 integrin-mediated binding of mesangial cells to COL-IV. Both the alpha1 beta1 and alpha2 beta1 integrins interact with the NC1 and triple helical fragments of COL-IV. Therefore, we demonstrate that several sites for integrin-mediated interactions exist on several collagenous and non-collagenous domains of COL-IV.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
PubMed ID9575174
Grant ListDK39216 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK43574 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK44494 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States