Ketosis Ameliorates Renal Cyst Growth in Polycystic Kidney Disease

TitleKetosis Ameliorates Renal Cyst Growth in Polycystic Kidney Disease
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsTorres, JA, Kruger, SL, Broderick, C, Amarlkhagva, T, Agrawal, S, Dodam, JR, Mrug, M, Lyons, LA, Weimbs, T
JournalCell Metabolism
Volume30
Paginationin press
Abstract

Mild reduction in food intake was recently shown to slow polycystic kidney disease (PKD) progression in mouse models, but whether the effect was due to solely reduced calories or some other aspect of the diet has been unclear. We now show that the benefit is due to the induction of ketosis. Time-restricted feeding, without caloric reduction, strongly inhibits mTOR signaling, proliferation, and fibrosis in the affected kidneys in a PKD rat model. A ketogenic diet had a similar effect and led to regression of renal cystic burden. Acute fasting in rat, mouse, and feline models of PKD results in rapid reduction of cyst vol- ume, while oral administration of the ketone beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in rats strongly inhibits PKD progres- sion. These results suggest that cystic cells in PKD are metabolically inflexible, which could be exploited by dietary interventions or supplementation with BHB, representing a new therapeutic avenue to treat PKD.

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